Sweetheart Shell Samplers
By Caroline Hood
The stuff of legend, sailors who spent years away from their wives and sweethearts at sea spent hours crafting intricate, geometric designs made from colorful shells with messages like, Forget Me Not or Think of Me When Far Away.
But sailors valentines, as they are known, were neither made by sailors nor were they valentines, says Constance Miller, who co-authored the book, Sailors Valentines: Their Journey Through Time.
Miller, a frequent exhibitor of sailors valentines during the North Carolina Shell Club show each September, says the shell craft was first developed in Europe during the Victorian period when sailors would bring exotic shells, from their travels around the world, home to their wives.
Ladies began making shell plaques with rectangular designs and somewhere along the way the shape became octagonal, perhaps for more geometric possibilities, Miller says.
When B.H. and George Belgrave emigrated from England to Barbados in the 1830s, they started a cottage industry of employing local women to make the valentines. Sailors in port for fresh water for their journeys to England or up the East Coast of the United States would buy them in gift shops and bring them home for their wives or sweethearts.
The valentines were contained in a wooden octagonal shadow box, ranging from eight to 14 inches across. Small, colorful shells were glued to cotton in intricate patterns to the back of the box.
Almost all the antique ones had a compass rose format, containing hearts, flowers, and a sentiment, Miller says.
The art form has experienced a resurgence in popularity since the 1940s and 1950s. Shell crafters spend hundreds of hours creating sailors valentines that are displayed at shell shows and art galleries up and down the East Coast.
Miller, from Delaware, and Jane Santini, also a sailors valentine artist, from Virginia, have been North Carolina Shell Club award winners for their double and single valentines.
Santini says she has been drawn to the sea and maritime folklore since she was a child. Her father went to sea when he was 14 and became a sea captain in the United States Merchant Marine.
Ive always been fascinated by shells but I started making valentines about 15 years ago, Santini says.
She glues thousands of shells to a single valentine, making custom and creative designs. Rather than planning a design before securing the shells to the back of the box, Santini works intuitively as she creates the valentines.
Because the design is very symmetrical, it just comes naturally to me, Santini says. I love making them because they are so charming and beautiful.
By Amber Adams
Tommy Harrelson, a native of Southport, commemorates the work of Art Newton (1922-1964) in his biographical pictorial, Southport s Art Newton. Hundreds of variations of Newton s watercolor ocean scenes and landscapes, as well as photographs of art direction through 1960s WECT TV, are displayed in the book.
Collectively, Newton s paintings, his photographs for the State Port Pilot, the local newspaper and his primary means of support, contributed to the beginnings of the Wilmington Art Association.
Harrelson recalls taking a lesson from the artist. You may not be finished, but the painting, as itself is through, Newton said.
Its really a good lesson for writing the book, Harrelson says.
Newtons paintings and photographs capture the timelessness of the Atlantic Ocean and the history of Southport, including portraits of the shrimping fleet at work and the path of Hurricane Hazel s destruction.
The waterfront is still there and we treasure it, and I think Art did too, says Pat Pittenger.
Pittenger, a fellow artist, Southport friend and Newton admirer says, Art was a fun person. Having grown up with a musical mother, he sang at almost all social gatherings.
From the 1940s through the 1960s, Southport had no industry other than the water and the county seat, Pittenger says. Like many, Newton left the town to earn a living.
After serving in the Coast Guard during WWII and receiving education funds from the G.I. Bill, Newton was able to study at the Oxenfant School of Modern Art in New York City, as well as the Cartoonists Illustrators School. But the pull of the historic coastal town never left his memory, and he often returned to Southport to exhibit his works.
In 1949, Newton returned to his hometown with his wife Valli and their son Jon Arthur. Newton understood his artwork as a trade, vowing to paint anything from a house to a portrait to make a living.
Much of Newton s work, more than 600 paintings, remains in the Southport homes of those who knew him. Some were selected to illustrate Harrelson s book were often found improperly stored and severely damaged by mildew.
In 1964, Newton drowned in the Cape Fear River, leaving his young family behind.
You don t appreciate a close friend s true talent until [he s] gone, Pittenger says. When Art came back from New York, I think he expressed that love in his paintings. They themselves are labors of love.
Southport s Art Newton author Tommy Harrelson will sign books in Wilmington February 13 from 7-9 p.m. at Pomegranate Books on Park Avenue and February 15 from 1-3 p.m. at Two Sisters Bookery in the Cotton Exchange.